The Manifestation of Hegemonic Masculinity in The Characters of Santa Monica Studio’s God of War (2018)

  • Marcellino Rizky Putra Himawan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  • Lynda Susana Widya Ayu Fatmawaty Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  • Rosyid Dodiyanto Universitas Jenderal Soedirman


This research entitled “The Manifestation of Hegemonic Masculinity in The Characters of Santa Monica Studio’s God of War (2018)” aims to figure out how hegemonic masculinity is manifested in the characters of the video game God of War (2018). The primary data is Santa Monica Studio's God of War which was observed with qualitative method. Moreover, the researcher used Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity to analyze the traits of hegemonic masculinity through the characters. This research also uses characterization to further examine the characters’ physical attributes and behavior in investigating their masculinities. The findings of this research indicate that hegemonic masculinity is represented through the characters of Kratos, Atreus, Brok, and Sindri.  Using the above theories, the researcher found that those characters’ dialogues, actions, and behavior demonstrate hegemonic masculinity. Another important finding is that each character who performs less hegemonic can still show their hegemony through their actions and speeches. It is also discovered, to an extent that the personalities and the degree of hegemonic masculinity of the characters stem from their respective backgrounds


Aarseth, E. (2003, May). Playing Research: Methodological approaches to game analysis. In Proceedings of the digital arts and culture conference (pp. 28-29).
Characterization. (2019, March 10). Literary Terms.
Cheng, C. (1999). Marginalized masculinities and hegemonic masculinity: An introduction. The Journal of men’s studies, 7(3), 295-315.
Connell, R. W. (2005). Masculinities. Polity.
Connell, R. W., & Messerschmidt, J. W. (2005). Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Gender & society, 19(6), 829-859.
Dailami, M. (2014). Hegemonic Masculinity and Misconceptions of Gender and Mental Health in Violent Criminality (Doctoral dissertation, Oberlin College).
Deutsch, B. (2004). The male privilege checklist. Expository Magazine, 4(2).
God of war (2018) | game scripts wiki | fandom. (n.d.). Game Scripts Wiki. Retrieved October 9, 2021, from Error! Hyperlink reference not valid.
Koshkina, E. (2020). Reconstruction of Norse Myth in videogames: the case of God of War.
Lerner, G. (1986). The creation of patriarchy (Vol. 1). Women and History; V.1
McKenzie, S. K., Collings, S., Jenkin, G., & River, J. (2018). Masculinity, social connectedness, and mental health: Men’s diverse patterns of practice. American journal of men's health, 12(5), 1247-1261.
Miles, J. (2017, September 13). Why do men struggle to express their feelings? Welldoing.
Murnen, S. K., Wright, C., & Kaluzny, G. (2002). If “boys will be boys,” then girls will be victims? A meta-analytic review of the research that relates masculine ideology to sexual aggression. Sex roles, 46(11), 359-375.
Reams, J. (2015). Characterization in fiction.
Rosamond, B. (2020, May 6). Hegemony. Encyclopedia Britannica.
Scott-Samuel, A., Stanistreet, D., & Crawshaw, P. (2009). Hegemonic masculinity, structural violence and health inequalities.
Shumka, L., Strega, S., & Hallgrimsdottir, H. K. (2017). “I wanted to feel like a man again”: Hegemonic masculinity in relation to the purchase of street-level sex. Frontiers in Sociology, 2, 15.
Sianturi, M. (2021). Kratos’struggle in Fatherhood in Santa Monica Studio’s God Of War (2018) (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta).
Stoic - definition, meaning & synonyms. (n.d.). Vocabulary.Com. Retrieved December 21, 2021, from
Toloie-Eshlaghy, A., Chitsaz, S., Karimian, L., & Charkhchi, R. (2011). A classification of qualitative research methods. Research Journal of International Studies, 20(20), 106-123.
Trujillo, N. (1991). Hegemonic masculinity on the mound: Media representations of Nolan Ryan and American sports culture. Critical studies in media communication, 8(3), 290-308.
Tseole, N. P., & Vermaak, K. (2020). Exploring the Influences of Hegemonic and Complicit Masculinity on Lifestyle Risk Factors for Noncommunicable Diseases Among Adult Men in Maseru, Lesotho. American Journal of Men’s Health, 14(6), 1557988320958931.
Vocabulary (n.d.). Retrieved from
Zeilinger, J. (2015, July 22). Men face these obstacles every Day. So why aren’t we talking about them? Mic.
How to Cite
HIMAWAN, Marcellino Rizky Putra; FATMAWATY, Lynda Susana Widya Ayu; DODIYANTO, Rosyid. The Manifestation of Hegemonic Masculinity in The Characters of Santa Monica Studio’s God of War (2018). J-Lalite: Journal of English Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 1-16, june 2022. ISSN 2723-357X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 30 may 2023. doi: