Terpenoids from the Stem bark of Aglaia elaeagnoidea and their cytotoxic activity against HeLa and DU145 Cancer Cell lines

Terpenoids from Aglaia elaeagnoidea

  • Dini Oktaviani
  • Winda Sukmawati Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Kindi Farabi Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Desi Harneti Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Nurlelasari Nurlelasari Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Darwati Darwati Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Rani Maharani Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Tri Mayanti Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Agus Safari Universitas Padjadjaran
  • Unang Supratman Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Sumedang, Indonesia


Aglaia is the largest genus of the Meliaceae family which contains terpenoid compounds. This type of compounds showed a diverse structures and biological activities that can be found in natural resources. Aglaia elaeagnoidea is a species from Aglaia genus that only has a few previous research. This study was aimed to isolate and determine the chemical structure of terpenoid compounds from the ethyl acetate extract of A. elaeagnoidea stem bark. Ethyl acetate extracts were separated and purified by various chromatographic techniques to obtain compounds 1-5. Compounds 1-5 were identified their chemical structures by spectroscopic methods (IR, MS, and NMR) and comparison with previous reported spectral data. Compounds 1 and 2 were identified as eudesmane-type sesquiterpenoids, 5-epi-eudesm-4(15)-ene-1β,6β-diol (1) and 6α-Hydroxy-eudesm-4(15)-en-1-one (2). Compounds 3-5 were identified as dammarane-type triterpenoids, 20S,24S-epoxy-25-hydroxydammarane-3-one (3), 20S,24S-epoxydammarane-3α,25-diol (4), and 3α-epi-cabraleahydroxy lactone (5). These compounds are first time reported from this plant. Compounds 1-5 were tested for cytotoxicity against HeLa cervical cancer cell and DU145 prostate cancer cell and as a result, compound 4 (20S,24S-epoxydammarane-3α,25-diol) showed the stronger activity compared to other compounds.

How to Cite
OKTAVIANI, Dini et al. Terpenoids from the Stem bark of Aglaia elaeagnoidea and their cytotoxic activity against HeLa and DU145 Cancer Cell lines. Molekul, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 1, p. 76-84, mar. 2022. ISSN 2503-0310. Available at: <https://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/5594>. Date accessed: 25 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jm.2022.17.1.5594.

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