‘Firearming’ Fairytales: NRA and Gun Culture in American Fan-Fiction

  • Bhakti Satrio Nugroho


Gun issue becomes one of the most polemic issues in the United States alongside racism. Regardless, the last major gun control legislation to make it into law was the assault weapons ban in 1994 as part of a larger crime-related bill approved during Bill Clinton presidential period. After the assault weapons ban expired, American society is threatened by the increasing numbers of gun violence issue such as mass shooting and gun homicide. In this case, NRA involvement is vital towards gun culture in the United States. As non-profit organization, NRA has influential lobbying for any policies towards gun policies. Thus, this paper discusses the dissemination of gun culture on NRA family website www.nrafamily.org. In 2016, Amelia Hamilton rewrote two Grimm’s fairytales “Little Red Riding Hood (Has a Gun)” and “Hansel and Gretel (Have Guns). Since gun becomes commodity, these NRA versions of fairytales can be analyzed as part of consumer manipulation by using consumer capitalist theory. Thus, this analysis shows that those fan-fictionalized fairytales consist of two main aspects: gun as protector and gun culture as common culture in the United States. It embraces the rationalization of gun ownership’ in the United States despite its lethal consequences.


ABC & News. (2018). “Gun-toting kids? Gun range offering training lessons to children in Texas”. https://abc7ny.com/pistol-class-teaches-kids-how-to-use-guns/3224572/ Retrieved on December 16, 2018.

Berkowitz, B. & Alcantara, C. (2017 October 5). "50 years of U.S. mass shootings: The victims, sites, killers and weapons" Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2018/national/mass-shootings-in-america/ Retrieved on November 5, 2017.

Chang, J., Capote, N., & Effron, L. (2014 May 29). “Does Teaching Kids to Shoot Guns Make Them Safer?”. ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/US/teaching-kids-shoot-guns-make-safer/story?id=23916846 Retrieved on December 15, 2018.

Christensen, J. (2015). "Why the U.S. has the most mass shootings". CNN. https://edition.cnn.com/2015/08/27/health/u-s-most-mass-shootings/ Retrieved on December 14, 2018.

Creswell, J. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Los Angeles: SAGE Publication.

Emanuella, G., & Levenson, E. (2018). "At least 17 dead in Florida school shooting, law enforcement says". CNN. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/02/14/us/florida-high-school-shooting/index.html Retrieved on February 14, 2018.

Fisher, M. (2012). "What makes America's gun culture totally unique in the world, in four charts". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2012/12/15/what-makes-americas-gun-culture-totally-unique-in-the-world-as-demonstrated-in-four-charts/ Retrieved January 25, 2018

Gould, S. (2017). “The 9 US presidents who have been NRA members”. Business Insider. https://nordic.businessinsider.com/which-presidents-nra-members-trump-bush-2017-10/ Retrieved on December 14, 2018.

Hall, S. (2003). Representation: Cultural Representation and Signifying Practices. London: Sage Publication.

Hamilton, A. (2016). “Little Red Riding Hood (Has a Gun)”. NRA Family Website. Retrieved on December 17, 2018.

___________. (2016). “Hansel and Gretel (Have Guns)”. NRA Family Website. Retrieved on December 17, 2018.

Hamilton, C. (2004). Consumer capitalism Is this as good as it gets?. The Australia Institute.

Healy, M. (2015). "Why the U.S. is No. 1 – in mass shootings". LA Times. https://edition.cnn.com/2015/08/27/health/u-s-most-mass-shootings/ Retrieved on November 6, 2017.

James, P., & Scerri, A. (2012). "Globalizing Consumption and the Deferral of a Politics of Consequence". Globalizations. 9 (2): 225–240

Korkotsides, A. (2007). Consumer Capitalism. New York: Routledge

Korte, G. (2013). "Post-Newtown, NRA membership surges to 5 million". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2013/05/04/nra-meeting-lapierre-membership/2135063/ Retrieved on November 13, 2018.

Leedy, P. (1985). Practical Research. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

Mahsun. M. (2005). Metode Penelitian Bahasa: Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan Tekniknya. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Murphy, M. (2016). “The list of men who made great music but were not always great people is expansive”.. https://www.feministcurrent.com/2016/01/13/here-is-a-list-of-men-who-madegreat-but-music-were-not-always-great-people/ Retrieved on December 12, 2020

Rowe, J. (2000). Post-Nationalist American Studies. United States: University of California Press.

Schuppe, J. (2018). “What is gun control? Everything you need to know”. NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/smart-facts/what-gun-control-n858071 Retrieved on December 12, 2018.

Sommerlad, J. (2018). “How was the NRA founded and how did a gun lobby become so influential in American politics?” Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/nra-national-rifle-association-history-gun-control-second-amendment-oliver-north-a8483946.html. Retrieved on December 14, 2018.

West, G. (2018). “Gun Rights vs Gun Control”. OpenSecrets.Org https://www.opensecrets.org/news/issues/guns Retrieved on December 12, 2018.

Woods, A. (2015). “WWI – Part Nine: The USA and the War: War is good for business”. Marxism.com. https://www.marxist.com/wwi-part-nine-usa-and-the-war.htm Retrieved on December 17, 2018
How to Cite
NUGROHO, Bhakti Satrio. ‘Firearming’ Fairytales: NRA and Gun Culture in American Fan-Fiction. J-Lalite: Journal of English Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 121-129, dec. 2022. ISSN 2723-357X. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jes/article/view/6061>. Date accessed: 26 mar. 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jes.2022.3.2.6061.