Character Development of Estella/Cruella in Cruella (2021) Movie

  • Nisa Meisa Zarawaki UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
  • Andang Saehu UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
  • Nurholis Nurholis UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung
  • Toneng Listiani UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung


This research focuses on process of identifying the main character’s character development starts by unravelling (1) the characterizations of the main character; (2) the conflicts experienced by the main character; and (3) the character development of main character. The researcher uses the theory of Petrie & Boggs to define character, conflict, and character development.  Qualitative descriptive methods and analysis content are used to analyze deep problems to find the answers.  The result showed that the conflicts happened to the main character are coming from internal conflict between Cruella and herself and external conflicts between Cruella and Catherine, Baroness, and the society. Also, the development of Cruella character is triggered by conflict, it is shown by the character's development constantly grew when enter the new act/story


Abrams, M, H. (1999). A glossary of Literary Terms. Heinle and Heinle Thomson Kearning.

Chatman, S. (1978). Story and Discourse Narrative Structure in Fiction and Film. Cornell University Press.

Creswell, J, W. (2013). Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design. In SAGE Publications. Sage Publication.

Fraenkel, J, R., & Wallen, N, E. (2007). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Jones, E. (1968). Outline of literature: short story, story: novel, and poem. The Macmillian Company.

Kenney, W. (1966). How to Analyze Fiction. Monarch Press.

Leavy, P. (2014). Content analysis: The Oxford handbook of qualitative research. Oxford University Press.

Lindsay, F. (2015). The Seven Pillars of Storytelling. In Sparkol Books. Sparkol Books.

Miranti, I., & Nurul, F. (2014). Evaluasi Nilai- Nilai Pendidikan Karakter Dalam Film Frozen Produksi Walt Disney. Deiksis, 06(02), 101–114.

Mishra, S. B., & Shashi, A. (2017). Handbook of Research Methodology. Educreation Publishing.

Nurgiyantoro, B. (1995). Theory of Fiction Analysis (Teori Pengkajian Fiksi). Gadjah Mada University Press.

Nurholis. (2016). Introduction to Literary Analysis. UIN Sunan Gunung Djati.

Petrie, D. W., & Boggs, J. M. (2012). The Art of Watching Films (8th Edition). McGraw-Hill Companies.

Schreier, M. (2012). Qualitative Content Analysis in Practice. In SAGE Publications.

Syailana, N. F. (2021). Character development in the films World War Z & Train to Busan. Doctoral Dissertation of UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung, 1–92.

Wulandari, R. A. (2015). Sastra dalam Pembentukan Karakter Siswa. Jurnal Edukasi Kultura, 2(2), 63–73. 5181/4613
How to Cite
ZARAWAKI, Nisa Meisa et al. Character Development of Estella/Cruella in Cruella (2021) Movie. J-Lalite: Journal of English Studies, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 99-120, dec. 2022. ISSN 2723-357X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 june 2024. doi: