The Sesquiterpenoids from the Stem Bark of Dysoxylum excelsum and Their Cytotoxic Activities against HeLa Cancer Cell Lines

  • Unang Supratman Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Arsi Kautsari Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Al Arofatus Naini Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Sandra Amalia Riyadi Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Tri Mayanti Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor 45363, Sumedang, Indonesia
  • Harizon Harizon Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Jambi, Mendalo Indah, Jambi 36361, Indonesia
  • Sofa Fajriah Research Center for Chemistry, Indonesian Science Institute, Serpong 15311, South Tangerang, Indonesia

Abstract

Sesquiterpenoids belong to a group of terpenoid compounds with interesting structures that are abundant in natural products especially in higher plants. Sesquiterpenoids have a wide variety of bioactivities with great potential cytotoxic activity. The species Dysoxylum excelsum belongs to the Meliaceae family known as higher plant, but only a few sesquiterpenoids have been reported particularly for their cytotoxic activity. Therefore, this research aims to isolate and elucidate the sesquiterpenoids structure from D. excelsum stem bark and examines their cytotoxicity against HeLa cervical cancer cells. Through various column chromatography separations, four known sesquiterpenes namely β-caryophyllene oxide (1), caryophyllenol II (2), humulene dioxide A (3), and guai-6-en-10β-ol (4) were acquired from the n-hexane extract. Compounds 1-4 were isolated for the first time from D. excelsum species. The sesquiterpenoid structures were elucidated according to Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Infrared, and HR-TOF-MS analysis. The cytotoxicity compounds 1-4 was determined against HeLa cervical cancer cells by examination with the PrestoBlue method and compound 3 exhibited the most potent cytotoxicity with an IC50 value of 160.74 µM.


 


Keywords: cytotoxic activity, Dysoxylum excelsum, HeLa, Meliaceae, sesquiterpenoid.

Published
2024-03-14
How to Cite
SUPRATMAN, Unang et al. The Sesquiterpenoids from the Stem Bark of Dysoxylum excelsum and Their Cytotoxic Activities against HeLa Cancer Cell Lines. Molekul, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 1, p. 109-116, mar. 2024. ISSN 2503-0310. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/9406>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jm.2024.19.1.9406.
Section
Articles

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