Direct Extraction and Conversion of Microalgal Lipid from Chlorella vulgaris to Biodiesel Through In Situ Process Assisted by Sonication

  • Melysa Wulandari Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University , Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Sofijan Hadi Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University , Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Purkan Purkan Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University , Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Sri Sumarsih Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University , Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Abdulloh Abdulloh Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University , Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Dwi Kusuma Wahyuni Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Airlangga University , Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Bambang Piluharto Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematic s and Natural Sciences, Jember University , Jember, Indonesia

Abstract

Direct extraction and conversion of microalgal lipid to biodiesel in one step process is developed to initiate an efficiently method in the biofuel production. The method that called as in-situ process had been applied in the biodiesel production from microalgae Chlorella vulgaris lipid by involving of sonication assisting. Various parameters that affect the in-situ transesterification were investigated to find the optimum conditions including power of sonication, co-solvent use, and biomass amount. The experiment was performed by acidic catalyst  The use of   sonication in 25kHz/270W yielded the highest biodiesel product.  The apply of co-solvent n-hexane significantly increased the yield biodiesel rather than no co-solvent. The biodiesel yield of 10.39 %  obtained when the process was accompanied by the n-hexane.as co-solvent with increasing level as 47% rather than without co-solvent. The in situ process in the ratio biomass - methanol 3:50 that assisted by sonication for 60 mins produced the highest biodiesel, which was 20,31 % w/w. The yield was higher than assisting with reflux or combination of reflux-sonication. The component of biodiesel yielded in the process  consisting of  7,10,13-hexadecatrienoic methyl ester; pentadecanoic acid, 14-methyl-methyl ester; 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid-methyl ester; and eicosanoic acid-methyl ester. Joining of reflux-sonication exhibited a low biodiesel product. Disadvantage method from the combination may inhibit on  lipid extraction or FAME transformation, the exact cause needs to be looked for in the future.


 


Keywords : Biodiesel, in-situ transesterification, microalgae Chlorella vulgaris, sonication

Published
2024-03-14
How to Cite
WULANDARI, Melysa et al. Direct Extraction and Conversion of Microalgal Lipid from Chlorella vulgaris to Biodiesel Through In Situ Process Assisted by Sonication. Molekul, [S.l.], v. 19, n. 1, p. 162-171, mar. 2024. ISSN 2503-0310. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/10042>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jm.2024.19.1.10042.
Section
Articles