The Language Acquisition of a Child With Mental Retardation (a Psycholinguistic Study)

  • Octaria Putri Nurharyani Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia
  • Bivit Anggoro Prasetyo Nugroho Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Indonesia

Abstract

This research aims at describing the language acquisition or the ability to acquire language of a child with mental retardation. The data of this study is the language acquisition of Herman (a 2-year-old-child). Data sources were categorized into two groups; the primary data was obtained from Herman’s utterances, and the secondary data was from literature sources (books about psycholinguistics). This research used descriptive qualitative method. Data were collected, clarified, and analyzed according to the established criteria. The result of the study indicated that there was a delay in the language acquisition of the child with mental retardation, yet the process was in a good development.

References

Alwisol. (2009). Psikologi Kepribadian. Malang: UMM Press.

Arsanti, M. (2014). Pemerolehan Bahasa pada Anak (Kajian Psikolinguistik). Jurnal PBSI, 3 (2), 24–47.

Chaer, A. (2009). Psikolinguistik. Jakarta: Rieneka Cipta.

Dardjowidjojo, S. (2008). Psikolinguistik (Pengantar Pemahaman Bahasa Manusia). Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Endarwati, O. (2015). Cacat Sintaksis Keluaran Wicara Pada Anak Penyandang Autis di SD Lab PGSD Setia Budi dan SDIT Al-Mubarak Rawasari (Suatu Kajian Neurolinguistik). Jurnal Atkhais, 6 (1).

Martina, S. C., & Saman, S. (2014). Ativitas Berbahasa Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus pada Lembaga Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Bina Anak Bangsa Kota Pontianak. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa, 3 (10), 1—14.
Indah, R. N. (2017). Gangguan Berbahasa. Malang: UIN-MALIKI Press.
Leech, G. N. (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. London: Longman.

Putri A. K., Mawarni H., Yara N. Y., & Sumarlam. (2018). Kemampuan Berbahasa Anak Lahir Prematur Usia Dua Tahun: Kajian Psikolinguistik. Jurnal Arkhais, 9 (1), 139—146.

Pandudinata R., Sumarlam, S., & Saddhono K. (2018). Pemerolehan Bahasa Siswa Tunagrahita Kelas VI SD. Jurnal Retorika, 11, 48—56.

Pratiwi, I. C., Handayani, O. W. K., & Raharjo, B. B. (2017). Kemampuan Kognitif Anak Retardasi Mental Berdasarkan Status Gizi. Public Health Perspective Journal, 2 (1), 19—25.

Ramayumi, R., Nurdin, A. E., & Nurhajjah, S. (2014). Karakteristik Penderita Retardasi Mental di SLB Kota Bukittinggi. Jurnal Majalah Kedokteran Andalas, 37 (3), 181—186.

Steinberg, D. D., & Sciarini, N. V. (2006). An Introduction to Psycholinguitics. Great Britain: Pearson Longman.

Soetjiningsih. (2014). Tumbuh Kembang Anak. Jakarta: EGC.

Tarigan, H. G. (2009). Psikolinguistik. Bandung: CV. Angkasa.
Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
NURHARYANI, Octaria Putri; NUGROHO, Bivit Anggoro Prasetyo. The Language Acquisition of a Child With Mental Retardation (a Psycholinguistic Study). Jurnal Lingua Idea, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 92-112, dec. 2020. ISSN 2580-1066. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jli/article/view/2452>. Date accessed: 13 may 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jli.2020.11.2.2452.