Newborn Weight and Second-Hand Smoking in Utero Exposure: A Case in A Low-Middle Income Country

  • Dianita Sugiyo Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Supriyatiningsih Supriyatiningsih Muhammadiyah Steps, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Sutantri Sutantri Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Resti Yulianti Sutrisno Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Nur Azizah Indriastuti Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Enrico Aditjondro Southeast Asia Vital Strategies, Vital strategies: 6A Shenton Way, No. 04-01, Singapore
  • Endang Yuswatiningsih Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health, Institut Teknologi Sains dan Kesehatan ICME, Jombang, Indonesia
  • M Helmi Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Tarumanegara, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Noven Tri Wandasari Muhammadiyah Steps, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Afriansyah Tanjung Universitas Siber Muhammadiyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Soewardiman Al Afghani Muhammadiyah Steps, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Faudyan Eka Satria Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Saphira Hanan Hapsari Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Mohammad Agus Samsudin Majelis Pembina Kesehatan Umum, Muhammadiyah Central Board, Indonesia
  • Riska Putri Rachmawati Muhammadiyah Steps, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Smoking exposure among pregnant women is correlated with the risk of low birth weight. The policy factors are believed to contribute to the rate or prevalence of smoking activities. This study aims to simultaneously portray the incidence of low-birth-weight newborns correlated with smoking exposure. The samples were 160 respondents, with 57 and 103 respondents in Hospital A and G respectively. A mixed-method analysis was utilized by combining a retrospective approach to identify the key findings and be equipped with a narrative analysis of the socio-demographic - law enforcement process. The Spearman correlation analysis was used for investigating correlation among variables. Spearman correlation test smoking exposure per day in minutes (rho= -0.595, p<0.001) and the number of smokers (rho= -0.621, p<0.001) for Hospital A, and smoking exposure per day in minutes (rho= -0.681, p<0.001) and the number of smokers (rho= -0.613, p<0.001) for Hospital G. It implied a strong correlation of inverse relationship among those variables. Smoke-free law enforcement is a key point to address, aiming at vulnerable group protection, including pregnant mothers and babies. The local government should consider the effects affected by smoking behavior in the community.

Published
2023-11-01
How to Cite
SUGIYO, Dianita et al. Newborn Weight and Second-Hand Smoking in Utero Exposure: A Case in A Low-Middle Income Country. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 3, p. 146-154, nov. 2023. ISSN 2579-9320. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jks/article/view/6600>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jks.2023.18.3.6600.