Analysis of Psychosocial Factors Affecting Dietary Behavior among People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia

  • Rondhianto Rondhianto Faculty of Nursing Universitas Jember, Jl. Kalimantan 37 Tegalboto Jember, Indonesia
  • Akhmad Zainur Ridla School of Nursing, University of Wollongong, Northfield Ave, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
  • Fandi Ahmad Kurniawan Setia Budi Faculty of Nursing Universitas Jember, Jl. Kalimantan 37 Tegalboto Jember, Indonesia

Abstract

Dietary behavior is essential to diabetes self-management in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Understanding factors influencing diabetes self-management will help in designing appropriate intervention. The study aims to determine the effect of psychosocial on dietary behavior. This study was an analytical observational with a cross-sectional design. The sample size was 138 respondents recruited with multistage random sampling. Psychosocial factors were identified using; 1) Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy patients with Diabetes Scale, 2) The Coping Scale, 3) Diabetes Distress Scale, 4) Hensarling Diabetes Family Support Scale, 5) Perceived nurse support questionnaire, while dietery behaviour was measured by Self-Management Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire. Data analysis used multiple linear regression. Among five psychosocial factors only two factors influenced dietary behaviour, such as; distress and perceived family support (p=0.004; p=0.001 < α=0.05). Meanwhile, knowledge, coping, and perceived nurse support did not affect diabetes diet (p=0.133; p=0.527; p=0.535 > α=0.05) with R2 = 0.275 (F=11.148; p=0.001 <α=0.05). Distress and perceived family support are two psychosocial factors that can affect dietary behavior. Preventing the occurrence of distress and increasing family support are important to improve dietary behavior adherence in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Published
2023-11-01
How to Cite
RONDHIANTO, Rondhianto; RIDLA, Akhmad Zainur; KURNIAWAN SETIA BUDI, Fandi Ahmad. Analysis of Psychosocial Factors Affecting Dietary Behavior among People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman, [S.l.], v. 18, n. 3, p. 122-128, nov. 2023. ISSN 2579-9320. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jks/article/view/6488>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.jks.2023.18.3.6488.