The Diversity and Abundance of Termites (Order: Isoptera) at Altitude 200 M ASL Karst Area Southern Gombong, Kebumen Regency

  • Wafiyyatun nufus collage
  • Hery Pratiknyo Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  • Sukarsa Sukarsa Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Abstract

Termites are social insects that have a very wide distribution. The termites in the forest ecosystem have many species and feeding habits, it can be said that diversity and abundance determine the role in the termite ecosystem. The termite are very important as a mediator for decomposition of the ecosystem of karst area. Therefeore, the aim of this study was to determine the diversity and abundance of termites in kasrt area at an altitude of 200 m asl Southern Gombong, Kebumen Regency. The study was conducted in a survey method and arranged as follows, in which 20 sub transect size of 5 m x 2 m as repetition and the termite was found is taken to vial bottle with alcohol 70% for identification. The data analysis using F test and continue with the LSD analysis. The study was obtained three diversity of termite in the karst area, there are M. gilvus, M. inspiratus and S. javanicus. The abundance of termite was obtained by M. gilvus is highest than the other termite with percentage of 90% while the abundance of termites based on plot was obtain in plot 1 with percentages 30,4%.

References

Ahmad, M., 1959. Key the endomalayan termites. Reprinted from Biologie, Departement of Zoology, University of Punjap, Lahore. 198.

Aini, N., 2005. Perlindungan Investasi Konstruksi terhadap Serangan Organisme Perusak Kayu. Kolokium & Open House Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pemukiman. Departemen Pekerjaan Umum, Bandung.

Aldrich BT, Maghirang EB, Dowell FE, Kambhampati S., 2007. Identification of termite species and subspecies of the genus Zootermopsis using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy. 7pp. Journal of Insect Science 7:18.

Amir, M., 2003. Rayap dan Peranannya. Dalam: M. Amir dan S . Kahono. Serangga Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Jawa Bagian Barat. Biodiversity Conservation Project. LIPI. 51-62.

Auslander ME., 2003. The Effects of Slope Orientation on Plant Growth, Developmental Instability and Suspectibility to Herbivores. Journal of Arid Environments, (55):405-416.

Choosai, J. Mathieu, Y. Hanboonsong & P. Jouquet, 2009. Termite mounds and dykes are biodiversity refuges in paddy fieldsin north-eastern Thailand. Foundation for Environmental Conservation. Environmental Conservation 36 (1):71–79.

Collins, N. M., 1989. Termites. Pp. 455–471 in Lieth H. & Werger M. J. A. (eds.). Tropical rain forest ecosystems. Biogeographical and ecological studies. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Davies, R.G. Hernandes L.M., Eggleton, P., Didham R.K., Fagn. L.L. & Wincester, N.N., 2003 Environmental and spatial influence upon species composition of a termites assemblage across neotropical forest islands. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19:509-524.

Evans TA, Forschler BT & Grace JK., 2013. Biology of Invansive Termites: A Woldwide review. Annual Review of Entomology 58:455-474.

Faszly R, Idris AB & Sajap AS., 2005. Termites (Insect: Isoptera) Assemblages from sungai Bebar Peat Swamp Forest, Pahang. Biodiversity Expedition Sungai Bebar, Pekan, Pahang. (4):137 – 140.

Gathorne-Hardy, F. J., Syaukani., & Eggleton, P., 2001. The Effect of Altitude and Rainfall on the Composition of The Termites (Isoptera) of The Leuser Ecosystem (Sumatera, Indonesia) J Tropic Ecol, I 17: 379 – 393.

Hemachandra, I. E., 2011. Distinctiveness of termites assemblages in two fragmented forest types i Hantane Hills in the Kandy District of Sr Lanka. Cey.J.Sci (Bio Sci.), 39(1): 11-19.

Inoue Tetshusi., Takematsu Yoko, Yamada Akinori, Hongoh Yuichi, Johijima Toru, MoriyaShigeharu, Somnuwat Yupaporn, Vongkaluang, Ohkuma Moriya & Kudo Toshiaki, 2006. Diversity and abundance of termites along an altitudinal gradient in Khao Kitchagoot National Park, Thailand, Journal of Tropical Ecology. 22: 609-612.

Kambhampati, S. dan Eggleton, P., 2000.Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Termites.InAbe, T., Bignell, D.E, dan Higashi, M. 2000. Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology. Dordecht: KluwerAcademic. 1-23.

Khrisna K & Weesner FM. 1969. Biology of Termites. Vol II. Academic Press. New York and London.

Ko, RKT,. 2003. Keanekaragaman hayati kawasan karst. Kumpulan makalah ilmiah. Bogor.

Korb, J & Lismaier, 1998. The effect of Temperature on The Architecture and Distribution of Macrotermes bellicosus (Isoptera: Macrotermitidae) Mounds is Different Habitat of West African Guinea Savana. Insect sociaux. Socoaux, 24, : 51-65.

Lomolino, M.V., Riddle, B.R. and Brown, J.H., 2006. Biogeography. 3rd Edition, Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland.

Nandika, D., Rismayadi., Y., & Diba F., 2003. Rayap Biologi dan Pengendaliannya. Surakarta: Muhammadiyah University Press.

Rao, Negeswara. A,Ch Samantha & Chita Sammainah, 2012. Biodiversity of Termites in Badrachalam Forest Region, Khammam Distict, Andhra Pradesh. Journal Bio Diversity. 3(1): 55-59.

Riyanto, A., 2010. Komunitas Herpetofauna dan Potensinya bagi Sektor Ekowisata pada Kawasan Ketenger-Baturraden di Selatan Kaki Gunung Slamet, Jawa Tengah. Biosfera 27(2):60-67.

Sigit SH. Hadi UK., 2006. Hama Pemukiman Indonesia. Bogor. Unit Kajian Pengendalian Hama Pemukiman, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Suhendar S Arfiani, Edy Yani & Pudji Widodo, 2018. Analisis Vegetasi Kawasan Karst Gombong Selatan Kebumen Jawa Tengah. Scripta Biologica . 5:37-40.

Sumarni, G & Ismanto, A., 1988. Komunitas Rayap Tanah pada Empat Lokasi di Jakarta dan Jawa Barat, Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan. 5(1):1-5.

Tarumingkeng, R.C., 1971. Biologi dan Pengendalian rayap Perusak Kayu Indonesia. Laporan Lembaga Penelitian Hutan No. 138.

Tho, Y. P., 1992. Termites of Peninsular Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Forest Research Institute Malaysia.

Triplehorn A Charles; Norman F Johnson; Donald J Borror. 2005. Borror and DeLong's introduction to the study of insects. Study of Insect 7th Edition. Belmont, CA: Thompson Brooks/Cole.

Vermeulen J, Whitten T. 1999. Biodiversity and Cultural Property in the Management of Limestone. Washington DC: The World Bank.

Whitten T, Soeriaatmadja RE, Suraya AA. 1999. Ekologi Jawa dan Bali. Jakarta: Prenhallindo.

Widiyanti P, Kusmana C. 2014. Komposisi Jenis dan Struktur Vegetasi pada Kawasan Karst Gunung Cibodas, Kecamatan Ciampea, Kabupaten Bogor. Jurnal Sivikultur Tropika. 5(2):69–76.

Wood, T.G &W.A. Sands, 1978. The role of termites in ecosystem, in Brian, M.V (ed.) Production ecology of ant and termites. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 245-292.
Published
2020-04-29
How to Cite
NUFUS, Wafiyyatun; PRATIKNYO, Hery; SUKARSA, Sukarsa. The Diversity and Abundance of Termites (Order: Isoptera) at Altitude 200 M ASL Karst Area Southern Gombong, Kebumen Regency. BioEksakta : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Unsoed, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 152-156, apr. 2020. ISSN 2714-8564. Available at: <http://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/bioe/article/view/1816>. Date accessed: 08 feb. 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.20884/1.bioe.2020.2.1.1816.
Section
Articles