Kritik Fredric Jameson Terhadap Posmodernisme

  • Alfian Ihsan

Abstract

Abstrak


Artikel ini merupakan sebuah kajian mengenai pemikiran Fredric Jameson, seorang tokoh Neo-Marxis asal Amerika. Jameson awalnya dikenal sebagai kritikus sastra hingga akhirnya menulis sebuah artikel yang berkembang menjadi sebuah buku mengenai kritik terhadap posmodern yang berjudul Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Buku ini kemudian mengantarkan Jameson sebagai seorang kritikus Posmodernisme. Jameson melihat bahwa perkembangan produk budaya pada masa Posmodern tidak lebih dari perubahan modus operasi kapitalisme untuk tetap bisa melakukan akumulasi modal. Produksi budaya dan industri massa yang dirayakan masyarakat kemudian mengarah pada aktifitas ekonomi, sebuah bentuk masyarakat konsumsi gaya baru. Beberapa kata kunci dari Jameson seperti pastiche, superfisialitas, dan schizophrenia merupakan kritik terhadap budaya Posmodern yang menurutnya adalah bentuk baru dari kapitalisme lanjut.


Kata kunci: posmodern, kapitalisme lanjut, pastiche, superfisialitas, schizophrenia


 


Abstract


This article was a study of the thoughts of a Neo-Marxist theoretician from America, Fredric Jameson. He was initially known as a literary critic until eventually writing an article which developed into a book on criticism of postmodernism entitled Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. It was book led Jameson as a postmodernism critic. Jameson argued that the development of cultural products in the postmodern period was nothing more than a change in the mode of operation of capitalism as a continuity of capital accumulation. The mass industry and culture production celebrated by the people then leads to economic activity, a new form of consumption society. Some of Jameson's keywords such as pastiche, superficiality, and schizophrenia are criticisms of Postmodern which was a new transformation of late capitalism.


Keywords: posmodern, late capitalism, pastiche, superficiality, schizophrenia

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Published
2023-03-13
How to Cite
IHSAN, Alfian. Kritik Fredric Jameson Terhadap Posmodernisme. Jurnal Interaksi Sosiologi, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, mar. 2023. ISSN 1412-7229. Available at: <https://jos.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/jis/article/view/8276>. Date accessed: 23 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.2504/jis.v1i2.8276.
Section
Jurnal Interaksi Nomor 1 Volume 2 2022 (Back Issue April 2022)