• Ahmad Firdaus Firman Maulana Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  • Mustofa Mustofa
  • Khusnul Muflikhah


Testosterone is the main male sex hormone produced by Leydig cells in the testis. Measurement of testosterone levels can use saliva samples. Testosterone has many roles in reproductive and non-reproductive functions, such as behavior. Behavior includes aggressive and dominant traits. Aggressive behavior has a relationship with extrovert personality. This study aims to determine the correlation of salivary testosterone levels with extroverted personality in students of the Faculty of Medicine Jenderal Soedirman University. This study is observational with a cross-sectional study design. The number of subjects in this study was 26 students taken with consecutive sampling, with inclusion criteria of male aged 17-25 years, agreed to informed consent, BMI 18-24,9 kg/m2, didn’t smoke, and didn’t consume alcohol. Testosterone level was measured with a Salimetrics ELISA kit. Measurement of extrovert personality using the MBTI questionnaire. The normality test of the data used the Saphiro-Wilk test and bivariate analysis using the Pearson correlative parametric test. The results of measurements on the subjects obtained salivary testosterone levels 11,64±2,51 pg/mL and extrovert personality 41,02±19,74 %. The results of the Pearson correlation test salivary testosterone with extroverted personality values obtained p = 0,007 and r = 0,517 which means that there is a significant correlation between salivary testosterone levels and extrovert personality. The conclusion of this study is there is a correlation between salivary testosterone levels and extrovert personality in students of the Faculty of Medicine Jenderal Soedirman University.


Herting, M. M., & Sowell, E. R. 2017. Puberty and structural brain development in humans. Frontiers in neuroendocrinology. 44: 122-137.
Allan, C. A., Strauss, B. J., Burger, H. G., Forbes, E. A., & McLachlan, R. I. 2006. The association between obesity and the diagnosis of androgen deficiency in symptomatic ageing men. Medical Journal of Australia. 185(8): 424-7.
Staron, R. S., Hagerman, F. C., Fry, A. C., Schilling, B. K., Hikida, R. S., & Thrush, J. T. 2003. Muscle fiber characteristics and performance correlates of male Olympic-style weightlifters. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 17(4): 746-54.
Wegner, M., Koedijker, J. M., Budde, H. 2014. The Effect of Acute Exercise and Psychosocial Stress on Fine Motor Skills and Testosterone Concentration in The Saliva of High School Students. Plos One. 9: 1-7.
Alvi, S. N., Hammami, M. M. 2020. An Improved Method for Measurement of Testosterone in Human Plasma and Saliva by Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology and Research. 11: 64-68.
Bassil, N, Alkaade, S, Morley, J. E. 2009. The benefits and risks of testosterone replacement therapy: a review. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management. 5(3): 427-48.
Permana, Y. 2015. Hubungan Kadar Testosteron Pasangan dengan Kualitas Hubungan pada Pasangan Usia Reproduktif. Tesis. Sumatera Utara: Universitas Sumatera utara.
Hidayanti, R. 2018. Kecemasan Ditinjau Dari Tipe Kepribadian Ekstrovert Dan Introvert Pada Mahasiswa Di Universitas Sari Mutiara Indonesia. Psikologi Prima. 1(1).
Hastuti, H., Tamtomo, D., & Sulaeman, E. S. 2017. Effect of doctor's personality, job characteristic, payment method, facility, on performance and quality of doctor service. Journal of Health Policy and Management. 2(1): 42-55.
Sunarto, S. 2008. Pengaruh Komunikasi dan Motivasi Kerja Aparatur terhadap Kualitas Pelayanan sertifikat Tanah. Mediator: Jurnal Komunikasi. 9(2): 403-414.
Sembiring, D. P. 2017. Korelasi Antara Kadar Testosteron Total dengan Kepribadian Antisosial dan Jenis Kriminalitas pada Penghuni Lapas Jember. Jurnal Psikiatri Surabaya. 6(2): 79-87.
Afrisham, R., Sadegh-Nejadi, S., SoliemaniFar, O., Kooti, W., Ashtary-Larky, D., Alamiri, F., dan Khaneh-Keshi, A. 2016. Salivary testosterone levels under psychological stress and its relationship with rumination and five personality traits in medical students. Psychiatry investigation. 13(6): 637.
Smeets-Janssen, M. M., Roelofs, K., Van Pelt, J., Spinhoven, P., Zitman, F. G., Penninx, B. W., & Giltay, E. J. 2015. Salivary testosterone is consistently and positively associated with extraversion: results from The Netherlands study of depression and anxiety. Neuropsychobiology. 71(2): 76-84.
Sudharma, N. I. 2012. Faktor Eksternal Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kadar Hormon Testosteron Pada Laki-laki Usia 40 Tahun Ke Atas Di Kecamatan Cilandak Jakarta Selatan (Analisis Data Sekunder Penelitian Payung Andropause Universitas Trisakti-Puskesmas Kecamatam Cilandak Th 2011). Tesis. Universitas Indonesia.
Mammi, C., Calanchini, M., Antelmi, A., Cinti, F., Rosano, G. M. C., Lenzi, A., Caprio, M., and Fabbri, A. 2012. Androgen and Adipose Tissue in Males; A Complex and Reciprocal Interplay. International Journal of Endocrinology. 2012: 653-661.
Alemany, J. A., Nindl, B. C., Kellogg, M. D., Tharion, W. J., Young, A. J., & Montain, S. J. 2008. Effects of dietary protein content on IGF-I, testosterone, and body composition during 8 days of severe energy deficit and arduous physical activity. Journal of applied physiology. 105(1): 58-64.
Abdella, A. M., Elabed, B. H., Bakhiet, A. O., Gadir, W. S. A., Adam, S. E. I. 2011. In Vivo Study on Lead, Cadmium and Zn Supplementatitions on Spermatogenesis ini Albino Rats. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 6(2): 141-148.
Prastyo, D. B., Deliana, M., Lubis, M. S., Arto, K. S. 2018. Pengaruh Stres Psikologis terhadap Kadar Testosteron Saliva Anak Masa Pubertas. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran. 45:266-270.
Ibrahim., Herlina, A. 2017. Pengaruh Merokok terhadap Hormon Testosteron pada Laki-Laki Usia Siatas 40 Tahun. Jurnal Medika Saintika. 7: 76-85.
Oremosu, A. A., & Akang, E. N. 2015. Impact of alcohol on male reproductive hormones, oxidative stress and semen parameters in Sprague–Dawley rats. Middle East Fertility Society Journal. 20(2): 114-118.
Wu, J. L., Wu, R. S. C., Yang, J. G., Huang, C. C., Chen, K. B., Fang, K. H., & Tsai, H. D. 2011. Effects of sleep deprivation on serum testosterone concentrations in the rat. Neuroscience Letters. 494(2): 124-9.
Wacker, J., & Smillie, L. D. 2015. Trait extraversion and dopamine function. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 9(6): 225-38.
Branje, S. J., van Lieshout, C. F., & van Aken, M. A. 2004. Relations between Big Five personality characteristics and perceived support in adolescents' families. Journal of personality and social psychology. 86(4): 615.
Sutin, A. R., Ferrucci, L., Zonderman, A. B., & Terracciano, A. 2011. Personality and obesity across the adult life span. Journal of personality and social psychology. 101(3): 579.
Weisberg, Y. J., Deyoung, C. G., & Hirsh, J. B. 2011. Gender Differences in Personality across the Ten Aspects of the Big Five. Frontiers in psychology. 2: 178.
Amami, A. 2015. Hubungan Tipe Kepribadian dengan Keberanian Berbicara Didepan Umum pada Mahasiswa Fakultas Psikologi UIN Suska Riau. Skripsi. Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim.
How to Cite
MAULANA, Ahmad Firdaus Firman; MUSTOFA, Mustofa; MUFLIKHAH, Khusnul. CORRELATION OF SALIVARY TESTOSTERONE LEVELS WITH EXTROVERTED PERSONALITY IN STUDENTS OF THE FACULTY OF MEDICINE JENDERAL SOEDIRMAN UNIVERSITY. Mandala Of Health, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 1, p. 64-74, july 2022. ISSN 2615-6954. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 06 dec. 2022. doi: